Home

Sustaining capital vs. opex

Capital Expenditures vs. Operating Expenditures (Expenses): An Overview . In financial accounting capital expenditures (CapEx) and operating expenditures (expenses) (OPEX) are two categories of. Determining CapEx vs OpEx. Though the definitions seem clear cut, there are plenty of grey areas. Many IT material goods—like servers, generators, or UPS systems—can be purchased either as a capital item or as an operating expense item. For example: CapEx. You can pay cash and own the item outright. OpEx The simple answer is: with great difficulty. I began giving business valuation opinions in 1969, about 45 years ago, and I can tell you that up until about 25 years ago, I can't remember dealing with a business owner who, when I talked to them about sustaining capital reinvestment and growth capital, knew what I was talking about How to account for CapEx vs OpEx. Capital expenditures are not fully deducted in the accounting period they were incurred in, but rather depreciated to spread the cost over the useful life of the asset. Every year, a part of the asset is used up. Capital expenses are recorded as assets on the Balance Sheet under the property, plant & equipment section

Typically, OpEx is the preferred expense approach because of its impact on tax season. Of course, the CapEx vs. OpEx debate is full of advantages and disadvantages. The Case for OpEx. OpEx offers more immediate tax deduction benefits. Businesses can write off their purchases in the year they are made instead of spreading them out over several. CapEx, or capital expenditure, refers to one-time upfront costs incurred for assets that will be used in the future. A capital purchase shows up in the company balance sheet and depreciates in value over its lifetime. The business expects to derive value from the asset for a period of time longer than a single tax year. CapEx vs. OpEx.

Capital Expenditures vs

  1. Difference Between Capex vs Opex Capex is regarded as Capital Expenditure while Opex is regarded as Operational Expenditure. We log a transaction when a business acquires assets that could be of benefit to the company not only in the current year but also in the long run
  2. Sustaining capital expenditures (capex) refers only to replacement capital expenditures necessary to maintain existing capacity, the same capacity that is reflected in the revenue line of the pro forma cashflow statement. It effectively is the cashflow equivalent of amortization which, as a non-cash item, is removed when preparing a pro.
  3. ed from time to time by the Company consistent with the computation.
  4. By definition, capital expenditures cover any major investment (such as property, infrastructure, equipment, or software licenses) which will show up on a company's balance sheet, along with its depreciation. On the other hand, Opex consists of operational expenses, which are ongoing business costs such as rent, utilities, wages, and services
  5. Sustaining capital. Sustaining capital refers to the ongoing (yearly) capital investment that a refinery must make to continue to operate. This includes maintenance capital and investment required to adapt to regulatory changes. It does not include investment for expansion or margin improvement (growth capital)

The biggest difference between CapEx and OpEx is how purchases are deducted come tax time. Any OpEx purchases (ink and paper) made in a single tax year can be deducted in their entirety—the entire $1,000 your company spent on ink and paper throughout the year can be deducted at tax time. CapEx deductions, in contrast, are amortized Capex vs. Opex Capex. Both are related to the money that you pay out in your business ventures. However, the similarities end there, as they function in completely unique and different ways. Short for Capital Expense or Capital Expenditure, capex is the expenses that your business incurs as it works toward creating benefits for the future CapEx (or capital expenditure) is money spent by a company on assets that are anticipated to provide an enduring benefit to the business of usually 12-months or more. For example, when a company buys a new piece of equipment for its factory, it is anticipated that the equipment will provide a long-term benefit to the organisation's. A Beginners Guide to Capex vs Opex The appropriate capital expenditure depends on the industry. Some industries such as oil and gas necessitate a lot of capital investment, whilst others such as retail do not need nearly as much. Capex is also easier to understand when compared to the capital expenditure of rival organisations

Capex versus Opex comparison chart; Capex Opex; Definition: Capital expenditures are expenditures creating future benefits. A capital expenditure is incurred when a business spends money either to buy fixed assets or to add to the value of an existing asset with a useful life that extends beyond the tax year Opex is short-term costs, and the expenses are fully tax-deductible. Opex can be fully deducted in the same accounting period in which the items are purchased. Recommended Articles. This article has been a guide to Capex vs. Opex. Here we discuss the top difference between Capex and Opex along with infographics and comparison table

OpEx is particularly appealing if the demand fluctuates or is unknown; OpEX computing costs: Leasing software and customized features - responsibility to de-provision the resources when they aren't in use so that you can minimize costs.; Scaling charges based on usage/demand instead of fixed hardware or capacity - plan for backup traffic and disaster recovery traffic to determine the. Mining Costs - CAPEX vs. OPEX. Capital expenditures are the investments incurred by a mining company in their fixed assets to increase the value of that asset. Most common capital expenditures are the investments in fixed assets to bring a new mineral project into production. However, buying a property or the investments incurred to. CAPEX vs. OPEX. Simply put, capital expenditures tend to be major investments in goods, which show up on the balance sheet and are depreciated over the life of the asset, typically 3 years.

The difference between CapEx and OpEx is small on the surface, but as you begin to break down each metric it's quite easy to tell they are each very unique. Capital expenditures are more long term, whereas operational expenditures are more short term CAPEX vs. OPEX. They are the acronyms for Operating Expenditure and Capital Expenditure. For example, imagine you own a real estate firm. The firm bought an apartment complex with few units. In order for you to rent the apartments you have to clean and furnish them

CapEx vs OpEx: Capital Expenditures & Operating Expenses

  1. CapEx refers to a Capital expenditure while OpEx refers to an Operational expenditure. Capital expenditure is incurred when a business acquires assets that could be beneficial beyond the current tax year. For instance, it might buy brand new equipment or buildings
  2. Maintenance Capex (sustaining) - measures how much spend needs to be made to ensure existing Capex functions properly (think annual machine maintenance, IT upgrades of existing systems, etc.) Growth Capex - Capex required to grow production, revenues; example of this is new machinery next to existing, a new plant to double production, etc
  3. Maintenance capital expenditures refer to capital expenditures that are necessary for the company to continue operating in its current form. Think of it in this way. When a company such as Walmart refurbishes an existing store - laying new flooring, painting the walls, replacing cash registers, etc. - it is engaging in maintenance CapEx

Differences Between CAPEX and OPEX CAPEX vs OPEX If you want to sell your business, you need to do a business valuation. A business valuation is a crucial step in determining the real value of your business. It is a process to know how much your business is worth. You cannot tell your buyer that this is the cost of [ CapEx and OpEx. Capital Expenses (CapEx) and Operating Expenses (OpEx) describe Lean-Agile financial accounting practices in a Value Stream budget. In some cases, CapEx may include capitalized labor associated with the development of intangible assets—such as software, intellectual property, and patents Cloud technology simplifies business IT spending by offering a pay as you go approach. Learn how your company can move away from a CapEx billing model an..

How do I differentiate between growth capex versus sustaini

CAPEX is a term that stands for Capital Expenditure and is the money that is spent by a company on their long terms investments such as buildings and machines. OPEX is the term that stands for Operational Expenditures and is the money that is spent for dealing with the daily costs which are required to run a business OpEx vs. CapEx: The Real Cloud Computing Cost Advantage There is little debate that there are big advantages with cost savings when moving to the cloud. And when it comes to cloud ROI, comparing capital expenses (CapEx) to operational expenses (OpEx) reveals the cloud is a great way to switch IT spending to a pay-as-you-go model and reduce. The types of capital expenditures a company makes will depend primarily upon its industry. In exploring how best to handle the issue of CAPEX vs OPEX, it is first necessary to understand how each type of expenditure affects your accounting processes, income taxes (including tax deductions), cash flow, and bottom line

CapEx vs. OpEx Difference What is Capital Expenditure ..

The debate about the economic benefits of cloud computing is intense, and is commonly boiled down to a talking point labelled OpEx vs. CapEx. Very often, like many talking points, the headline. In this video, Derek walks you through the difference between CAPEX and OPEX costs, as seen in the oil and gas industry. He also provides examples of each and speaks to their importance. Be sure to watch the video in full, but in case you're pressed for time, below is the quick summary as well as the presentation slides Capex vs Opex - Jay Liebowitz. re: Capex vs Opex I find it interesting that the value proposition was promoted by an equipment vendor and then a Wall Street firm. What did the carriers have to. Explore the full course on Udemy (Your special discount included ): https://www.udemy.com/course/az-900-microsoft-azure-fundamentals-certification/?couponCod.. Capex vs. Opex: Most People Miss the Point About Cloud Economics The typical cost discussion regarding internal data center versus cloud provider costs is over-simplified and fails to assign a.

CAPEX vs OPEX: CAPEX and OPEX are integral parts of any business, irrespective of its size and scale of operation. However, to optimise the cash flow of a company and to maximise its profit-generating capabilities, business owners must become familiar with CAPEX vs OPEX to formulate suitable strategies Capex vs. Opex for IT Spending by Alan Earls on July 10, 2017 The cloud offers many attractive alternatives for businesses and their IT teams looking for flexibility and quick deployment of all kinds of applications, large and small

Capital Expenditure vs. Operating Expenditure vs. Revenue Expenditure Say a chef decides to open a restaurant and purchases a building that formerly housed offices. The cost of the real estate, renovations needed to make the space suitable for a restaurant, fixtures and furniture, kitchen equipment and computers are capital expenses, able to be. What is CapEx? CapEx (short for capital expenditures Capital Expenditures Capital expenditures refer to funds that are used by a company for the purchase, improvement, or maintenance of long-term assets to improve) is the money invested by a company in acquiring, maintaining, or improving fixed assets such as property, buildings, factories, equipment, and technology Capex and opex may not sound exciting at first glance. Yet, they are critical to managing the profitability and financial position of a business. Buckle up for the most exciting - and useful - discussion of capex vs. opex you've ever read. What Is Capex vs Opex? First, let's provide some definitions to ensure we're all on the same page What is CapEx vs OpEx? Capital Expense (CapEx), or capitalization, refers to how an organization expends or depreciates its investment costs over an asset's lifetime. For an asset to be capitalized, whether that is a product or service, it must bring long-term value to the company as a tangible production of value OpEx cloud computing costs. With cloud computing, many of the costs associated with an on-premise data centre become the responsibility of the service provider. Instead of thinking about physical hardware and data centre costs, cloud computing has a different set of costs. For accounting purposes, all of these costs are operational expenses (OpEx)

Capital Expenditures vs. Repair/Maintenance: The Rules A 'Capital Expenditure' is an acquisition or upgrade that permanently increases the value of an asset. Because a CapEx adds to the 'asset' column of your balance book, it's commonplace for an investor to capitalize the costs of that asset over several years, following the. Capex dan Opex - Di artikel kali ini kita akan membahas mengenai Opex sebelum membahas mengenai Opex mungkin seringkali kamu lebih sering mendengar istilah Capex atau Capital Expenditure namun sebenarnya kedua hal ini biasanya saling beriringan. Namun, keduanya memiliki karakter yang berbeda meskipun sama-sama termasuk ke dalam jenis pengeluaran. Karenanya sekarang kita akan membahas. CapEx vs OpEx for IT Hardware and Equipment. Capital expenditures (CapEx) refers to the money a company spends towards fixed assets, such as the purchase, maintenance, and improvement of buildings, vehicles, equipment, or land. This is also sometimes known as PP&E, short for property, plant, and equipment. One-time purchases of these major.

CapEx (capital expenditures) versus OpEx (operating

Capex refers to capital expenditures such as purchasing equipment and inventory or acquiring intellectual property or real estate. Opex is operational expenses such as wages, maintenance services, repairs, utilities, and rent The capital expenditures are different from operating expenses (also known as Opex) as the Opex or the revenue expenses are fully text-deductible in the same year in which the expenses occur.; Also, these expenditure is a non-recurring strategic financial outlay that impacts the long-term asset base or something that could not be deducted in full in the year in which it was incurred and hence. Factors to Consider in CapEx vs. OpEx. There are many different factors to consider in deciding which of these models is best for your company, including both technology and financial and accounting factors. Here are a few of the potential benefits of switching to the OpEx model: Large capital outlays are not needed up front to buy IT equipment

CapEx vs OpEx: What's Best for IT Budgeting? Kasey

Depreciation on the capital is recovered from participating agencies as OPEX over the life of the asset. In all co-locations the operating costs are recovered on the basis of area allocation. These are managed through a co-location agreement and the establishment of a shared services appropriation for lead agencies COGS vs. OPEX: Why It Matters. It's important to understand the difference between COGS and OPEX, because each tells you something different about the state of your business. If your company is burning through too much cash, COGS and OPEX can help you zero in on what needs to change In an earlier post we discussed how leases describe and allocate operating expenses between the landlord and the tenant. Today, we would like to dive deeper into the topic of expenses, focusing on how expenses should be properly captured in your model. This capex vs. opex distinction is important both for your job and when Real Estate Private Equity Model 101: CapEx vs. OpEx Read More An expense may be capital or revenue in nature and usually incurred by disbursal of money. Capex and Opex refer to capital expenditure and operating expenditure respectively. They can also be recognized by agreeing to pay off an obligation e.g. paying rent, buying machinery, paying taxes, etc. Capital Expenditure (Capex

LOGO

Capex vs Opex Top 7 Useful Differences With Infographic

If capital expenditures are generally meant for static investments and operating expenses are intended for fluctuating costs, it only makes sense that rapidly changing technology should be considered for OpEx. IT procurement, therefore, is turned on its head: instead of purchasing technology based on long-term projections decided years ago, the. Capex vs Opex: The changing trends for IT spending With the rise of as-a-Service delivery models, IT departments are faced with decisions beyond choosing the right technology. There is now a range of payment options to choose from, and the trick is to know which one is right for your company and your current project

3.26: Sustaining capital expenditures Maarschalk ..

a comparison of Aurora's historical capex and opex against the forecast expenditure in the major regulatory reporting categories (e.g. capacity augmentation, asset replacement etc.) to identify any material discontinuities a comparison of Aurora's proposed capital and operating expenditure against other Australia Simply put, capital expenditures tend to be major investments in goods, which show up on the balance sheet and are depreciated over the life of the asset, typically 3 years, whereas operating expenditure shows up on the profit and loss account and relates to expenses incurred on an ongoing basis. CAPEX vs. OPEX

Sustaining Capital Expenditure Sustaining capital expenditure consists of two categories: asset replacement and asset performance and Safety. In regard to asset replacement, ATCO proposes to extend its metallic mains replacement to the fifth regulatory period partially consistent with the ERA's Draft Decision Sustaining Capital and Sustaining Leases Consolidated OPEX, Cash Cost and All-in Sustaining Costs Reconciliation Three months ended March 31 (in millions of U.S. dollars, except where noted). Adopting an OPEX/on-demand approach means that there is no more unused IT spares inventory sat on a shelf, taking up warehouse space and escalating logistics costs, whilst doing nothing but depreciating in value. Taking this approach results in reducing the cost of hardware maintenance provision, which is a positive outcome for both channel.

Sustaining Capital Expenditures definition - Law Inside

An Operating Expense vs. a Capital Expense: An Overview . An operating expense (OPEX) is an expense required for the day-to-day functioning of a business. In contrast, a capital expense (CAPEX) is an expense a business incurs to create a benefit in the future. OPEX and CAPEX are treated quite differently for accounting and tax purposes On the other hand, the more money put towards capital expenditures means less free cash flow for the rest of the business, which can hinder shorter-term operations. Operating expenses (OpEx) are the funds a company uses to run its day-to-day business. OpEx items are generally used up within the year they are purchased Capital Costs Pre-production and ramp-up capital costs in the Updated FS (Base Case) are $36M. The ramp-up period is assumed to cover the first three months of production, during which time all operating costs and revenue would be capitalised. Life-of-mine capital expenditure, inclusive of pre-production costs, mining capital development and sustaining property, plant and equipment [ This can free-up much needed capital in difficult times to spend on more pressing issues. As-a-service case study So, OPEX investment in business technology looks set to be a long-term trend. In fact, Panasonic was one of the first OEMs to offer its rugged notebook and laptop devices in this way Weighing the Cloud: OpEx versus CapEx. Cloud vendors tout the benefits of paying for cloud services as operating expenses, rather than raising capital funds for infrastructure projects on campus. But the calculus is not as simple as that. By Jennifer Skelly; 03/07/12; Many considerations inform a university's decision to move services to the cloud

Financial capital | The five capitals | Annual reports

CapEx vs. OpEx. It's also helpful to look at the differences between CapEx and OpEx. OpEx stands for operating expenses, or those required for everyday business functions. While capital expenditures are meant to create future benefits and should be seen as long-term investments, operating expenses are treated differently for accounting purposes • Profit (NSR less OpEx) 2. Corporate Income tax - imposed on normal return and rent - not included in cost reporting 3. Resource rent tax - to capture a larger share of higher return and • Sustaining Capital: investment in assets with >1 year useful life required to keep the lights and/or pumps on at designed nameplate capacit

CAM vs OPEX. October 26th, 2017 | White Papers, Tenant Representation, Negotiations, Lease Administration Common Area Maintenance fees, or CAM for short, are defined by the Realtors Commercial Alliance as charges paid by the tenant for the upkeep of areas designated for the use and benefit of all tenants, such as parking lots, outdoor landscapes, and lobbies Operational expenses, OPEX, are expenditures that are made to produce the good or service that the company provides. These expenses are anything that relate to the running of the company including general, sales and administrative expenses. The cost of goods sold does not count toward the total OPEX But the expenses incurred for maintaining the asset and sustaining the current position can be deducted in total in the same year. Capital Expenditures vs. Operating Expenses. The expenses are bifurcated into two types: CAPEX (Capital Expenditure) and OPEX (Operating Expenses) Capital Expenditure opex vs capex Switching to solar power is a commendable move for your business, and a cost-effective one too in the long run. However, there are a lot of underlying technicalities you need to know before making the final move to go green Non-Sustaining Capital Expenditures means all capital expenditures made or to be made other than Sustaining Capital Expenditures.(jjjj) Obligations means, with respect to a Party, all obligations to be performed by such Party under this Agreement (whether as Co-Owner or Operator), the CPA (including any Replacement CPA), the Surplus Power Rights Agreement and the Security Documents.

Under the U.S. tax code, businesses expenditures can be deducted from the total taxable income when filing income taxes if a taxpayer can show the funds were used for business-related activities, not personal or capital expenses (i.e., long-term, tangible assets, such as property). Capital expenditures either create cost basis or add to a preexisting cost basis and cannot be deducted in the. Sustaining capital expenditure in the mining, minerals, and metals (MMM) industries is being subjected to ever more scrutiny following a long period of low commodity prices. With capital activity increasing within the sector in recent years, sustaining capital is important to ensure competitiveness and free up cash flow for future investments.. This business model enables sellers to increase their revenue streams and build strong customer engagement, while eliminating expensive capital expenditures (CAPEX) costs from the buyer's balance sheet and transitioning it to a much more manageable and predictable operational expense (OPEX)

Capex vs. Opex: Should You Buy or Lease Your Business ..

Sustaining capital cost / expenditure, abbreviated as sustaining capex or Susex, is a project cost item which is sometimes forgotten and often disliked. To many it is unknown, and it may be (partly) hidden in other operating cost items Myth: OpEx impacts EBITDA, CapEx won't Arguably this myth is just a restatement of accounting practices, but it belies the true cost of CapEx. While dispelling the last two myths might reassure you that comparing technology CapEx and OpEx expenditure is apples and oranges, the move to the cloud does still increase OpEx Capital expenditure is the amount spent on long term assets expected to last for more than one year. For example the cost of a computer is capital expenditure included in the balance sheet, whereas the cost of the electricity to run the computer is an expense included in the income statement

Sustaining capital McKinsey Energy Insight

Capex VS Opex: Pro dan Kontra Bagi Budgeting IT Dalam merencanakan budget departemen, ada dua istilah yang kerap muncul, yakni Capital Expenditure (Capex) dan Operational Expenditure (Opex). Pada dasarnya, Capex dan Opex merepresentasikan dua kategori dasar pengeluaran bisnis It should first be mentioned that the philosophies regulating OpEx and CapEx will vary within each company due to the different approaches of upper management and corporate accounting staff. Even at times, specific circumstances will affect how policies are applied to Operating Expense or Capital Expense items Operating expenses (OPEX) refers to funds that ensure the successful day-to-day operation of your business. Typically, items bought with these funds do not last longer than the year it was purchased in. The benefit of OPEX The biggest benefit of OPEX is that it can be fully deducted. In other words, these expenses can be subtracted from the. • Opex gives you the power to predict and maximize free cash flows into the system, adding some much-needed liquidity to your business. • Though Opex has its merits, it comes at a cost. If you look at the total operation costs (sans ownership), Opex can sometimes be much more expensive than Capex OpEx is generally approved easier as Capital investments require multiple layers of management approval. Cloud solutions provide a lower cost, pay-as-you-go model that lifts the burden of an upfront cash investment. IT Management of Cloud solutions: IT investments can be costly and time consuming. Cloud solutions are easier to deploy, adopt and.

The Basics of CapEx and OpEx for IT Liquid We

To calculate the maintenance capital expenditures for 2009 you do 25.4% x $26,808 = $6,809 The $6,809 value is the growth capex so then subtract the result from Capex to get $11,499-$6,809=$4,690; $4690 is the maintenance capital expenditure amount WMT used in 2009 Indian Solar Rooftop PV Projects: A Bright Investment - RESCO vs. CAPEX. The financial palatability of the project, the net present value (NPV), is the highest in Karnataka followed by New Delhi for OPEX model of tenure of 10 years. However, if we observe east and west zones, they are more attractive towards CAPEX model with higher NPVs Most enterprises already have an Enterprise Resource Planning system (ERP) and are trying to use their ERPs for their Capital Projects. Most ERPs do a tremendous job when it comes to managing day to day OpEx and these form the bulk of the daily transactions for most companies, which makes it is an obvious choice An acronym for Capital Expenses, CapEx refers to business costs associated with acquiring, developing or upgrading physical assets such as hardware systems or intangible assets like patents and other intellectual property.. Capital expenditures stand in contrast to operating expenditures, or OpEx, which are the ongoing costs associated with the daily operations of business products, services. They link strategic imperatives to a target capital portfolio, setting and communicating targets for growth and productivity improvements and for sustaining capital expenditures. For example, when a leading utility generated an integrated view of its capital portfolio, it found that a large share of projects were classified as regulatory.

OpEx from an Accounting Perspective. From an accounting perspective, OpEx or operational expenditures refer to business costs needed to ensure the daily operations of the business, such as wages and other administrative costs, utilities and maintenance Some projects defer capital costs over the lifetime (e.g. anticipating that modules or inverters need to be regularly replaced - in some cases assigning this to the CAPEX category, others to OPEX), whereas others have the capital costs upfront, and thus indicates some of the CAPEX/OPEX trade-offs applied by project proponents Cost Recovery. When a business spends money to acquire an asset, this asset could have a useful life beyond the tax year. Such expenses are called capital expenditures and these costs are recovered or written off over the useful life of the asset. If the asset is tangible, this is called depreciation.If the asset is intangible; for example, a patent or goodwill; it's called amortization Many Corporate IT Managers and SMB Business owners are grappling with the challenge of Do I upgrade my old Exchange server to the newer version and have my capital tied up or should I move to the. Capex dan opex adalah dua istilah yang tidak dapat dilepaskan dari aktivitas budgeting pada setiap perusahaan (terutama yang berskala besar). Keduanya mempunyai karakter yang berbeda meskipun sama-sama termasuk dalam jenis pengeluaran. Selain itu, capex dan opex juga mendapat perlakuan pajak yang berbeda

  • Eye doctor Assistant school.
  • Nurse to patient ratio law.
  • PROSOCO customer service.
  • How to find a cleaning lady.
  • How to get a house in Fallout 3.
  • 2 inch reflux column.
  • Fringe Season 5 online free.
  • How to connect WiFi to LG webOS TV.
  • Montana SNAP benefit Calculator.
  • No neutral wire smart switch hack.
  • How long does risperidone take to work for anxiety.
  • MacBook Air Ethernet port.
  • Franklin County News PA.
  • Oracle hardware price list 2020.
  • Well in spanish.
  • Bluehost change WordPress password.
  • Circle K Fuel Card.
  • How to get a copy of memorandum and articles of association.
  • Baked steak fingers.
  • Logitech keyboard for iPad.
  • Water tank float valve replacement.
  • Collective bargaining during recession.
  • Barbie Princess and the Pauper full movie vimeo.
  • What would happen to my movies if Vudu went out of business.
  • Vatican bank corruption.
  • In the Dark Netflix review.
  • Close Encounters of the Third Kind.
  • Anemia definition.
  • How to make gender reveal powder for exhaust.
  • What is frequency modulation.
  • How long does a reckless driving stay on your record in Florida.
  • Wolf sanctuary Colorado Springs.
  • Dog walking app Netherlands.
  • GYM Full Form.
  • Arthur Russell merchandise.
  • Where is Guam located geographically.
  • Smart Projector Amazon.
  • How to clean dog ears with vinegar.
  • Magna rx Amazon.
  • How to dry rosemary in the microwave.
  • Marriott hotels near Fort Lauderdale Airport.